29 May History of Internet of Things and How it All Worked Out
Have you noticed that appliances are getting SMARTER these days? No, it’s not just what we name them (smart TV, smart watches, smart phones). It’s how they respond to our growing needs without the need of doing more than we need to. Say for instance, a smart TV can access the internet via WiFi, whereas a normal TV cannot. Since it has access to the internet. A smart TV has the ability to run applications that are built in it. We will look into the history of internet of things in order for us to fully understood how we get here and what are we expecting in the future.
But how exactly did we get here? What started it all?
These so-called “smart” devices are an effect of the development of the Internet of Things (or IoT for short). The history of internet of things (history of iot) goes way back to the 80s but has improved as cloud computing and storage emerged. Before we delve more into the history, let’s first come to know the term “Internet of Things”.
What is the Internet of Things?
The Internet of Things is described as the interconnection via the Internet of computing devices. Embedded in everyday object which enables them to send and receive data. This data transaction helps these everyday objects make good decisions on their own with zero to close to none or minimal supervision. Simply put, IoT is a concept of connecting any device with an on and off switch to the internet (which more or less could also mean the devices may or may not grant access from one smart object to another).
Talking about Cloud Computing and Cloud Storage
So, what is this cloud they speak of? No, it is not that thing you see when you look up to the sky. Cloud computing is a technology that enables access to shared applications, operating systems, high-level services or configurable resources with close to none supervision and management over the internet. You can think of cloud computing as a group of networked elements providing services that are not necessarily managed or addressed by users but instead an entire suite of hardware and/or software you can access everywhere like “clouds”.
Cloud computing shares characteristics with grid computing, fog computing.
Grid computing is a form of distributed and parallel computing. Where a ‘super and virtual computer’ is composed of a cluster of networks. That is loosely coupled computers working together to perform extremely large tasks.
Fog computing on the other hand is a computing paradigm that provides data, compute, storage and application services. Closer to client or near-user edge devices, such as network routers. It also handles data at the network level. On smart devices and on the end-user client side instead of sending date to a specific location for processing.
Cloud storage plays an important role in cloud computing. As it is a model of data storage in which the digital data is stored in logical chunks. The physical storage spans multiple servers, and the physical environment is owned and managed by hosting companies.
Throwback to the 80’s
The Internet of Things has been drafted and carried out for decades. It was first known as pervasive computing or embedded internet around the 1980’s. It is said that the first smart appliance was of a modified Coke machine made by students of Carnegie Mellon University. What made It smart was that it could report its inventory to shipment. And was able to tell if drinks were cold or not before serving them to customers.
In 1989, Kevin Ashton (who was one of the founders of the Auto-ID Center at Massachusetts Institute of Technology) tagged radio-frequency identification or commonly known as RFID as a huge leap towards history of IoT. He did use the term Internet FOR Things instead.
It was then when doors opened for a more colorful history of the Internet of Things. RFIDs, along with near field communication, barcodes, QR codes and digital watermarking, became a way of identifying objects and data which computers made use of.
Ashton then made a presentation entitled the “Internet of Things” as the internet was the hottest trend then. He was able to get the interest of Procter & Gamble executives which kickstarted the RFID technology advancements with their funding.
Back then, did you ever hear of the Internet of Things? No? Well, that’s because it boomed during the summer of 2010.
What happened in the summer of 2010?
The history of internet of things once again makes a milestone as Google StreetView made a major leak. Google discovered that these StreetView cars collected personal web activity information. Whenever it passed by a local WiFi network (which was a lot, I tell you). The company then released a press conference saying the collection of data was not at all intentional and the data collected was never used for the company’s gain. Instead, the data collected was passed from machine to machine.
That same year, China announced a major investment in the Internet of Things to improve the government’s choices which will end in a rise of their company’s economy. The Chinese government aims to lead in manufacturing and production. This will entail a far more intelligent and higher-quality manufacturing with the use of the Internet of Things within internal and external processes.
And the years after that?
Gartner listed the Internet of Things in 2011 as the next big thing…a phenomenon in the making. In 2012, a huge European Internet Conference known as LeWeb made the Internet of Things as the main theme for all their subjects and talks.
Within the same year, Forbes started using the term Internet of Things (IoT) in the most natural fashion, which meant another milestone in the history of the Internet of Things. After a year (sometime in October), the International Data Corporation published a write-up reporting that by the year 2020, the Internet of Things would become an $8.9 trillion market.
What now in the History of Internet of Things (History of IoT?)
If you think about it, a lot of things nowadays can be digitized. Whether it is typing, or scanning, or transcription work, or chat support, you name it! Before this digital age, it used to be the work of human beings to do typing, chatting, everything manually.
Now, with just a quick instruction, you can turn all the lights in your house off. With just a simple click, you can come home to a well-prepared meal from your kitchen robot. With a simple tap on your phone, you can tell your car where you want to go and be driven there with the latest safety precaution tools with the most efficient route possible.
In the business world, not only did the Internet of Things make everything more efficient, it has made businesses thrive with minimal supervision thus paved way for innovation to become time-consuming, money-saving, and income generating (while business owners can go sip their favorite drinks on the beach).
Whether or not we are business owners, workers or homemakers, we cannot deny the fact the short history of Internet of Things (history of iot) has contributed so much by simply eliminating some tasks that used to eat up our time. Now, we can all focus our energies to the more important things in life..or rather more complicated.
For the Internet of Things to take a step further, network connections should be more supportive of such an advanced ecosystem (see more from www.xyzies.com). Service providers will have to focus on expansion and maintenance (especially in rural areas). Bad internet is a huge hindrance to world wide solutions and the generation of new opportunities and business in the market.
Education is a major key in the promotion of the Internet of Things (IoT.) Not only should everyone be educated with the history of the internet of things, but also promote an environment in school where students can open their minds to possibilities. In the History of IoT, connected devices was once just a concept that our ancestors may never have even thought possible! We need creative minds and hearts!
Data security and privacy remains a battle won by the Internet of Things. As more and more information is passed and received over the web, the threat becomes more and more apparent. Not only do these smart devices collect personal information such as your name, email address, phone number, home address and etc., it also monitors your every move primarily to make better choices for you. In the real world, this can be used against you as well.
Many black hat hackers are out there just sifting through all the data and information available online, waiting for something to expose. Tons of cyber-attacks on the cloud have been reported to steal personal data for money or power. IoT providers will have to improve their defenses to step toward higher levels of advancement in the technology in question.
History of Internet of Things (History of IoT) In Conclusion
In the end, technology always wins. Everyone is always out to seek better solutions, better innovations, for a better quality of life. Baby steps or huge leaps, it doesn’t matter, we are all working towards a smarter lifestyle. In the short history of IoT (history of Internet of Things) will soon become the new norm if we all agree to disagree. Let’s continue to upgrade those network infrastructures, seal the deal on those server revamps, and change our common perception that IoT technology is out to steal our jobs. As history shows, technology doesn’t remove jobs, it innovates them. That is something we should strive to achieve: working “smart”.