24 Jun Going 5G Mobile: For Better or Worse?
As soon as we’ve all started to become used to the speeds of 4G networks, there’s talk of a newer, faster, sleeker 5G mobile network in town. Ambitiously expected to be widely rolled out as soon as 2020, 5G promises to be a breakthrough in technology. With theoretical speeds up to 800 Gbps, 5G would soar way past its 4G predecessor.
Although still at prototyping and testing at the moment, this would be 100 times faster than what’s currently being used. Allowing a user to download over 30 full-length films in a second.
5G Internet connections could empower everyday devices to communicate data with one another instantaneously. This innovation could enable new technologies like smart cities and driver-less cars. It’s portrayed as the wave of the future, but is it realistic? Here’s a rundown on the pros and cons of what many believe is the future of the Internet.
Barriers on the Road to 5G
1. More bandwidth will mean less coverage
One of the critical advantages of older 3G cell towers was that they could cover vast territory with relatively few cell sites needed. When looking at 4G and 5G, the cells need to produce more bandwidth, meaning the coverage radius of each cell will drop. 5G cell sites need to be frequently distributed across a particular region to cover more users. At the initial stage of deployment, this can cost more money for carriers and customers alike.
2. Radio frequency may become crowded
Carriers will need to find a better way to manage the radio spectrum to make room for 5G. Which is aimed to operate millimeter wave spectrum utilized by some satellite and mobile lines. We’d need to open up higher radio frequencies. Or find new ways to unclog the range to reach the network’s full potential.
3. Health concerns with more RF exposure
Since its initiation, one of the most significant concerns with radio frequency (RF) technology has been the radiation. Most especially exposure on human bodies. The incursion of many new cell sites will cause a substantial increase in generated radio frequencies. Which has many people worried about the potentially harmful side effects on health.
4. 5G will be expensive at first.
Despite all the hype in the tech world about it, people won’t instantly be queuing up to get 5G mobile deals once the technology arrives. The technology won’t be widespread so that these plans will be pretty expensive at first. Mobile operators and service providers will charge their earliest patrons a lot. To try to get a quick return on their spectrum investments.
Providers and carriers are investing vast amounts of money just for the spectrum space to deliver 5G connectivity. And they will have to pass the cost on to their customers. Budget-conscious consumers will stick with 4G and will use WiFi for data-hungry video and apps, until the time when 5G becomes extensive and affordable.
Benefits of 5G Mobile
1. Faster Data Speed
There’s no fixed speed of how fast 5g will be, but we do know developers are currently (2018) on trial for the 5Gbps mobile 5G Internet.
We’re looking at gigabit level speeds ranging from 5 to 100 Gbps in the coming years, tenfold of 4G LTE. This means you can download a full HD movie in seconds, and live stream HD content with no delays.
2. More Capacity
Strategy Analytics forecasts that by 2022, ten million 5G handsets will have been sold internationally, and more than 300 million by 2025.
With 5g WIFI, the bandwidth capacity will also be more significant to accommodate all these devices, and their interactions are far more significant. With the Internet of Things’ constant rate of expansion, capacity is vital, so bandwidth continues to grow as well.
3. Tactile Internet
With high availability, low latency, high security and high reliability, the Internet is becoming tactile. With the advent of smart devices and 5G mobile, all apps can be processed in the cloud, allowing the exchange of data and multimedia content on the move.
4. Low Latency
The real buzz with 5G seems to be its low latency (or buffering time). 5G’s potential ultra-low-latency range between 1ms and 10ms means data can be transmitted in real time. An audience member at a boxing match could also watch the live stream of another angle with no delay.
5. New Format Possibilities
Latency or buffering time has been one of the enormous challenges for the widespread adoption of augmented and virtual reality. With 5G and low latency, these new platforms can flourish in the sharing of engaging content and highly personal experiences across a variety of channels.
6. Internet Everywhere
5G technology, when it hits the mainstay, promises to deliver fast Internet connectivity nearly everywhere the infrastructure takes it. So that feeling of “no Internet” is going to be in the distant past as you’ll be able to get online when and where you want.
7. Internet for Everything
Smart TV, smart cars, smart watches, smart refrigerators and many intelligent objects can connect to the Internet and be controlled through your smartphone. These devices are all part of an emerging technology called the Internet of Things.
8. Smart Cities
Think: transportation networks, smart-city energy grids and water systems that are controlled in the centralized cloud.
Though we still have a long way to go before we can fully grasp and comprehend what 5G will be for the evolving world, now is indeed the time to get curious.
When will it be available and who’s launching it?
AT&T proclaims they will be the first to launch mobile 5G in by the end of 2018. With 3GPP standards now available, device manufacturers have started hardware development, enabling the company to provide 5G Internet wireless services by late 2018. Also 5G mobile plans, AT&T expects to trial 5G technology with businesses across the industry. However, AT&T’s early rollout could be slowed down by a lack of 5G phones available before 2019.
Verizon, on the other hand, is opening out with fixed 5G home internet service already launched in three to five cities in the USA. This utilizes home routers with fixed antennas to receive gigabit internet. Verizon’s currently leading the 5G competition with its head start.
More carriers capitalize on 5G as T-Mobile USA and Sprint announced in April 2018, an agreement to merge. This deal would combine the American mobile industry’s #3 and #4 carriers to create a giant to rival AT&T and Verizon.
Colossal capacity is 5G home internet’s significant advantage over 4G. There isn’t enough capacity on 4G cell sites for carriers to offer competitively priced 4G home Internet. The 5G home internet is also much more comfortable and quicker for airlines to install in homes. Rather than manually connecting wires, carriers have to stick fiber optics to a nearby cell site then give households wireless modems. For more on home Internet services, visit www.xyzies.com.
What to expect from 5G?
Because 5G networks can send and receive signals practically instantaneously, a user could download a full-length high definition movie in about 3 seconds. In addition to faster download speeds, 5G is expected to support the adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT) or smart devices. This could have enormous implications for the industrial sectors like manufacturing and agriculture that increasingly rely on the IoT for digitally connecting their processes and factories.
With the Internet of Things comes a boost in smart living. The bright home is equipped with security locks, lighting, heating, entertainment and electronic appliances that can be remotely controlled by phone or computer. These devices also help save power, energy, and cost in the long run by giving us a better understanding of how our homes operate, and the ability to tweak those settings. All of these need the high bandwidth and low delay of 5G.
Smart cities and self-driving transportation will also need 5G to materialize. The first generation of driverless cars will be autonomous, but driverless cars in the far future will need to interact with other smart cars and smart roads for safety and manage traffic. For this to work, you need extremely low delay periods for the vehicles and ways to communicate almost instantly.
Another characteristic of 5G is that it will foster connectivity between many unique smart devices. Right now, 4G is power-consuming and expensive. 5G networks, on the other hand, can accept small, inexpensive, low-power devices like ambient sensors and home appliances.
For mobile phones and gaming platforms, a significant change 5G may bring in virtual and augmented reality. As VR headsets are getting more compatible with phones and gaming consoles, the very low latency and consistent speeds of 5G will make the expanded world faster and more accessible.
So is 5G for the better?
So far the potential of the 5G Internet is promising but only time will confirm, once operators start rolling it out to the masses. The leap to 5G seems hopeful right now, as the expected benefits outweigh the roadblocks. It will take some years before 5G mobile is afforded by a majority of the world’s population, but technological progress this anticipated is always worth the wait.