5G LTE: What the Future Holds for the 5th Generation


5G LTE: What the Future Holds for the 5th Generation

The future telecommunication networks will be available to consumers in 2 years by 2020. Not just advancements in speed. It is also anticipated to release an immense Internet of Things ecosystem. Where connections can serve communication demands. This is for numerous of linked gadgets, with the right trade off among cost, latency, and speed.

Today, with an increasing demand for mobile broadband services, mobile network service providers must offer sufficient performance for customers. Network providers have developed rapidly over the years, from 2G to 3G, 4G, and now the 5G LTE, as this industry works hard to build an infrastructure capable of meeting this growing demand. They have invested in upgrades to strengthen the capacity, while the coverage of 5G LTE will be more accessible to consumers in years to come.

5G is the next generation in mobile technology. It’s said to be able to reinforce massive growth in data rates, at speeds of 1Gbps or higher. As well as reduce latency and enable networks to connect a vast number of devices. It is only one part of a whole that includes broadband, Internet of Things, cloud computing, data analytics, and more. Only when it is installed within the broader ecosystem will people be able to benefit all its capabilities.

What is 5G?

5G networks are the future of mobile data integration, offering lightning quick speeds and more reliable connections on cellphones and other gadgets.  With 5G, data transferred over wireless broadband connections could reach speeds as fast as 20 Gbps by some estimations – way beyond wireline network speeds – and provide a latency of 1 ms or lower for operations that require a real-time reaction. It will utilize auxiliary spectrum in the ongoing LTE frequency range and new Millimeter wave bands, which will be able to carry data speeds of up to 20 Gbps (Gigabits per second).


The expected global launch is on 2020. With the first official launch to the public was done by Ooredoo in Qatar last May 2018. Many service providers have also revealed its network of 5G since then. One being Korea Telecom, but only for the Winter Olympics 2018. All the four major carriers in the US has also made it available commercially: AT&T has its wave deployments this 2018 too, Sprint commenced the 2.5GHz band, T-Mobile launched in 30 cities its 600 MHz 5G, and Verizon had it in four cities with its 5G fixed wireless.

Vodafone was the pioneer in the UK testing it in April 2018 utilizing the mid-band spectrum as well as China Telecom’s initial build out in 2018. To carry out expanding throughput, a massive amount of new spectrum have been assigned to 5G, mainly in mmWave bands.

When the phone business wants to install the 5G infrastructure, the waves of 5G frequencies should be taken into consideration.

Because it needs the 1 to 10 mm waves in contrast to the 3G or 4G frequencies that are centimeters in spans reach. Smaller cells are to be intended for the 5G network cellular tower, in comparison to the 3G and 4G ones.

With the cellular tower of the 4G and the 3G, it can cover up to 50km to 150km. With adjustments made in the output power. But the fixed wireless cell sites of the 5G network are designed to reach only 250m to 300m. Because of technical restrictions. The millimeter wave spectrum that is primarily utilized in 5G can only transmit to a short distance. Because of the features of the frequency.

There are also technical difficulties in the straightforward millimeter wave like being jammed by the weather or infrastructures. To solve this dilemma, it is planned to build the standard design method that is only able to give out small cell sites within a short distance. The difference with the previous 4G rollout is that the new one requires densification through a considerable number of smaller cells. This differs majorly because the last one used larger macrocells.


There are also problems arising with the development of the new technology. As with 4G LTE in its starting days, coverage gaps are also expected to occur. Initially, you were enjoying the lightning-quick internet speed while browsing the net and streaming videos online. Then you suddenly feel the lag as you were brought back down to 3G. Before, even though your location has 4G signal, your device wouldn’t be able to recognize it.

Knowing how quick the 5G network is going to be which is 10 to 100 times faster. There could be a more significant drop this time around. As is the case for every super high-frequency radio waves. They provide the fastest wireless data speeds but only have coverage. And again, are easily blocked by infrastructures and weather.

Another worry is if cost and prices will hike up at the deployment of 5G. Sprint’s echoed in a famous speech at MWC that it is expected to introduce 5G. As a premium service with the same premium price rate. As for now, some people are still doubtful because there are still no apparent advantages yet, after all, you can stream all the videos with your current network.

Is my device capable of the 5G network?

Current mobile phones, laptops, tablets and other gadgets that were released during the time where 4G networks were the standard may not be 5G capable or may have additional costs in able to do so. However, with the 2020 goal for the preliminary rollout, devices with a 5G connection as its default will be available soon.

But don’t worry – even though 5G should signify an essential step up from current 4G and 3G networks, the new technology won’t directly replace the old one – at least, not in the early start. Instead, 5G should work with existing systems to guarantee clients not to run out of connection, with the previous networks stand-in as a back-up, in places where the 5G network has not reach yet.

Supposed “4.5G” networks (also known as LTE-A) are set to seal the hole for the as of the moment, providing connections that are quicker than current 4G networks, though only some countries like as South Korea can take advantage from them today.

But when it is launched, implementing it may be a more sluggish procedure. Same with the slow takeover of 4G networks, they have to upgrade or even replace current network infrastructures to accommodate the change, while residential and business establishments will also need to have new services installed. To know more about the technologies to unravel the complexities of sales, log on to www.xyzies.com.

Standards needed

Top network providers like Verizon, Korea Telecom, and EE have broadcasted plans to offer 5G services to customers in the future, though there is an evident disparity between rhetoric and action, for 5G to push through, the universal standard is a must. The International Telecommunication Union – a department of the United Nations devoted to overseeing all of the telecommunications technology globally – responded to one of the necessary inquiries around 5G: what it is. In a draft file, the body said that to meet the requirements of a 5G LTE, a network cell must carry a minimum peak speed for downloads of 21GB/sec and an upload peak speed of 10GB/sec. 4ms should also be its maximum latency.

Pros and Cons

Like all that come before it, 5G LTE will be notably quicker than the previous 4G. With an estimate download speed of 10,000 Mbps, this will allow all capable gadgets for higher efficiency, productivity, and effectivity.

Existing 4G network standards can deliver 100 Mbps. 5G suggests taking that into hundred times more per second. Paving the way for the ‘Gigabit Smartphone’ and expectantly a slew of groundbreaking services and apps that  deserves the type of speed and connectivity only 5G can offer. Moreover, with better bandwidth comes faster download speeds and the capability to carry out rigorous mobile internet applications.

However, 5G will be more expensive to implement. And though the latest mobile devices will probably have it as the standard, some handsets will be outdated.

A consistent, wireless internet connection will rest on the number of gadgets linked to one channel. With the implementation of 5G to the wireless spectrum, overcrowding the frequency range will be a consequence we have to suffer. The problems that we faced with the predecessor aren’t precisely addressed the promise of an immediate high-speed internet connection.

For the time being, some devices and places worldwide don’t support or aren’t even yet 4G capable, so the integration of the 5G LTE is likely to be very limited.

The future of 5G

While 5G is still a work in progress, it is not yet available for use by the public. Nevertheless, most companies have commenced building 5G devices and testing them in the field. The modem technology for the 5G network is being developed by Qualcomm and Intel. While the infrastructures to support it are being spearheaded by Huawei, Nokia, Samsung, Ericsson, and ZTE.

When 5G LTE gets implemented worldwide, it’ll be huge. By the time has become the standard in mobile connectivity, internet bound technologies and services are probably all over. Technology will be far better than it is now, and 5G will be the reason for all that. However, there will be many trials abound. And the community is in dire need of required standards to guarantee that 5G is a success.

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