24 May Is 5G Internet Wireless Worth Subscribing for?
5G is easily one of the biggest buzzwords going on around in the global wireless industry. It’s no surprise that this next development in wireless communication is being hyped. As well as the cornerstone that’s going to make amazingly fast mobile Internet, flying delivery drones and, autonomous cars possible. Naturally every corporation from the big four US wireless carriers, to smartphone makers, and equipment manufacturers is cooking up something for 5G Internet wireless.
So what is 5G, and how has it has evolved most recently? Simply put, 5G refers to the next-generation of tech devices and mobile networks beyond the 4G LTE mobile networks of today. Experts say 5G will provide network speeds that are superfast at 20 Gbps or more and have mere millisecond latency. To make 5G a reality, companies are combining things like millimeter wave radios that cover the 26GHz to 60 GHz spectrum with other tech like Massive Multiple Input Multiple Output, to offer better capacity and bandwidth.
What’s more advertised though are the benefits of 5G Internet wireless which include much rapid upload download speeds that can surpass 1 Gbps. Thanks to Massive MIMO, 5G is able to deliver these speeds to a wider range of people and devices. Which is highly needed today now that everyone needs a mobile internet connection to partake in society.
By the end of 2017, the mobile industry established the first official 5G standard. Every mobile phone carrier in the US and abroad is working on upgrading and advancing their networks for 5G. AT&T is set to launch mobile 5G in the US by the end of 2018. Verizon plans to take off 5G for homes and both Sprint and T-Mobile announce 5G phones coming out early 2019.
From 1G to 5G
The G in 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G means a generation of wireless technology. The line between generations has technically been defined by transmission speeds and marked by a break in encoding methods. These breaks also called “air interfaces” mark the point where the device is no longer compatible with the previous generation.
1G was analog while 2G technologies were the first generation of digital cellular technologies. 3G technologies brought speeds from 200 kbps to a few megabits per second. The current 4G tech like LTE is now climbing up to hundreds of megabits to even gigabit-level speeds.
5G introduces 3 new aspects to the table. Greater speed for bigger data communication, lower latency (or less lag time). And ability to connect to more devices at once. This especially for smart devices.
5G-NR, the actual 5G radio system, won’t be compatible with 4G. But all 5G devices initially will need the support of 4G to make initial connections during the transition period.
How 5G Works
5G’s objective is a connectivity standard of 20Gbps speeds, 1ms latency, and far higher capacity per cell site. This 5G cellular networks use a system of cell sites connected to a network backbone to send encoded data through radio waves. It will use OFDM network encoding, which is similar to 4G LTE encoding but is designed for less delay time and greater flexibility than LTE.
5G networks are more likely to be systems of small cell sites, the size of home routers rather than towers to make expanding network capacity easier. The more cells you have, the more data you can put into the network.
5G networks need to be more intelligent than previous systems, as they’re juggling a bigger quantity of different smaller cell sites. Even with current macro cell sites, 5G should still be able to boost its capacity through advanced antenna technologies.
When will it be available and who’s launching it?
AT&T proclaims they will be the first to launch mobile 5G in by the end of 2018. With 3GPP standards now available, device manufacturers have started hardware development, enabling the company to provide 5G Internet wireless services by late 2018. In addition 5G mobile plans, AT&T expects to trial 5G technology with businesses across the industry. However AT&T’s early rollout could be slowed down by a lack of 5G phones available before 2019.
Verizon on the other hand is opening out with fixed 5G home internet service already launched in three to five cities in USA. This utilizes home routers with fixed antennas to receive gigabit internet. Verizon’s currently leading the 5G competition with its head start.
Huge capacity is 5G home internet’s major advantage over 4G. There isn’t enough capacity on 4G cell sites for carriers to offer competitively priced 4G home Internet. 5G home internet is also much easier and quicker for carriers to install in homes. Rather than manually connecting wires, carriers just have to stick fiber optics to a nearby cell site then give households wireless modems. For more on home Internet services, visit www.xyzies.com.
More carriers capitalize on 5G as T-Mobile USA and Sprint announced in April 2018, an agreement to merge. This deal would combine the American mobile industry’s #3 and #4 carriers to create a giant to rival AT&T and Verizon. The combined companies reason that they can provide greater benefits to customers by joining together. The combination will increase competition in the network to deliver lower prices to consumers and business, as compared to each company doing it standalone.
What to expect from 5G
Verizon is utilizing 5G internet wireless service as home Internet while everybody else is more focused on faster smartphones. These usages are only the beginning for the network that can connect everything to everything.
Because 5G networks can send and receive signals practically instantaneously. A user could download a full length high definition movie in about 3 seconds. In addition to faster download speeds, 5G is expected to support the adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT) or smart devices. This could have huge implications for the industrial sectors. Like manufacturing and agriculture that increasingly rely on the IoT for digitally connecting their processes and factories.
5G can also boost the implementation of smart living.
The smart home is equipped with security locks, lighting, heating, entertainment and electronic appliances that can be remotely controlled by phone or computer. The most evident examples of these are smart speakers like Amazon’s Echo, Nest smart thermostats, and the Samsung smart fridge. These appliances help keep older people independent and in their own homes longer.
Devices help family members and caregivers communicate and monitor the condition of elderly. These devices also help save power, energy and cost in the long run by giving us a better understanding of how our homes operate, and the ability to tweak those settings. All of these need the high bandwidth and low delay of 5G.
Self-driving transportation will also need 5G to materialize. The first generation of driverless cars will be autonomous. But driver-less cars in the far future will need to interact with other smart cars and smart roads for safety and manage traffic. Basically, everything on the road will be aware of everything else. For this to work you need extremely low delay periods for the cars and roads to communicate almost instantly. (See: smart cities)
Another characteristic of 5G is that it will foster connectivity between many unique smart devices.
Right now, 4G is power-consuming and expensive that IoT devices stick with Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. 5G networks on the other hand can accept small, inexpensive, low-power devices. It can connect a lot of appliances, gadgets and different kinds of ambient sensors to the internet. 5G small cell connectivity may also help develop in-building coverage, meaning every home router can lead to become a cell site for these devices.
For mobile phones and gaming platforms, a big change 5G may bring is in virtual and augmented reality. As VR headsets are getting more compatible with phones and gaming consoles, the very low latency and consistent speeds of 5G will make the augmented world faster and more accessible.
Finally, 5G wireless technology could make wired internet a thing of the past. Fiber optics will still be useful in the future for back haul traffic connections. But telecoms companies can expect to save money and time by not having to create mile long cables for customers.
5G will be expensive at first.
Despite all the hype in the tech world about it, people won’t instantly be queuing up to get 5G mobile deals once the technology arrives. The technology won’t be widespread so these plans will be pretty expensive at first. Mobile operators and service providers will charge their earliest patrons a lot to try to get a quick return on their spectrum investments.
Providers and carriers are investing huge amounts of money just for the spectrum space to deliver 5G connectivity. And also they will have to pass the cost on to their customers. Budget conscious consumers will stick with 4G and will use WiFi for data-hungry video and apps, until the time when 5G becomes extensive and affordable.
So is 5G internet wireless worth subscribing for?
So far the potential of 5G Internet is promising. But only time will tell once operators start rolling it out to the masses. It will take some years before 5G to become affordable by majority of the world’s population. But technological progress this anticipated is always worth the wait.